Kirsten Berger

Kirsten Berger

Advocaat | Partner


+31 20 605 61 73
+31 6 1296 7383



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Kirsten is gespecialiseerd in energierecht en heeft veel ervaring in zowel de energie- als de industriële sector. Ze treedt binnen deze sectoren op voor verschillende ondernemingen op het gebied van projecten, fusie en overname transacties, commerciële contracten, joint ventures, regulatory aspecten en financiering. Kirsten heeft als sectorspecialist uitgebreid ervaring op het gebied van:
  • projecten en projectontwikkeling waaronder windparken (onshore en offshore), energiecentrales, gasexploratie en productie en industriële installaties (waaronder stoom- en waterstoffabrieken, LNG-terminals en pijpleidingen);
  • fusie en overname transacties (waaronder controlled auctions voor windparken, belangen in offshore gasvelden en pijpleidingen, herstructureringen en andere fusie en overname transacties in de sector);
  • commerciële contracten waaronder PPA's (ook corporate PPA's), gasleveringsovereenkomsten (waaronder aardgas, stoom, waterstof, raffinaderijgas, stikstof, etc.), transport en opslagovereenkomsten, tollingovereenkomsten en utility overeenkomsten (waaronder water en warmte);
  • joint ventures in het kader van windparken, energiecentrales, upstream gasprojecten en voor innovatieve projecten zoals waste-to-chemicals projecten;
  • regulatory aspecten waaronder aansluit- en transportkwesties, third party acces, gaskwaliteit, programmaverantwoordelijkheid, CO2 emissiehandel, SDE subsidie en EU energiewetgeving;
  • vastgoedaspecten waaronder pijpleidingkwesties, lease en eigendomsaspecten.

  • “She really owns the matter and shapes the approach in a practical way. She’s very smart and great fun to work with.’”
    Chambers Europe, Energy & Natural Resources: Transactional (2020 Edition)
  • “Kirsten Berger is offering a broad range of skills for complex structuring, deals and negotiations.”
    Legal 500, Energy: Transactional & Regulatory (2020 Edition)
  • “The team is led by Kirsten Berger who stands out as one of the best in her field. She is a clear expert. Sharp, practical and very professional. She delivers and clearly enjoys working her magic. I would strongly recommend her to any multinational with a challenging sustainable energy transformation agenda.”
    Legal 500, Energy: Transactional (2020 Edition)
  • Leading Individual
    Legal 500, Energy: Transactional (2020 Edition)
  • “Kirsten Berger wins praise from clients for her ‘very sharp intellect and strategic mindset,’ alongside her appreciation of ‘both the legal and commercial implications’ involved.”
    Chambers Europe, Energy & Natural Resources: Transactional (2019 Edition)
  • “An interviewee commends her ‘excellent knowledge of energy rules and regulations in the Netherlands.’”
    Chambers Europe, Energy & Natural Resources: Transactional (2019 Edition)
  • “Kirsten Berger is ‘responsive and practical.’”
    Legal 500, Energy: Transactional (2019 Edition)
  • Leading Individual
    Legal 500, Energy: Transactional (2019 Edition)
  • Recommended
    Legal 500, Energy: Regulatory (2019 Edition)
  • "Kirsten Berger is a well-respected energy transactional lawyer, who clients describe as 'very precise, practical and knowledgeable in this field.' She is often mandated on wind, LNG and power plant projects, regularly advising leading energy companies."
    Chambers Europe, Energy & Natural Resources (2018 Edition)
  • "Kirsten Berger is experienced in pipeline, wind park and plant projects, as well as commercial contracts and M&A transactions. Interviewees say 'She is very intelligent and knows the regulatory framework of transactions.' and 'Kirsten is quick, well informed, has a great memory and is always in a good mood.'."

    Chambers Europe, Energy & Natural Resources (2017 Edition)


  • LL.M. Privaatrecht (Universiteit Leiden)
  • LL.M. Fiscaal recht (Universiteit Leiden)
  • LL.M. Notarieel recht (Universiteit Leiden) 
  • Advised the Nuclear Research and Consultancy Group Foundation (NRG) on the sale of its 100% interest in ECN Wind Energy Facilities B.V. and its 50% indirect interest in ECN Windturbine Testpark Wieringermeer C.V. to CIC EWEF B.V., the newly established Dutch subsidiary of Connected Infrastructure Capital GmbH (CIC).
  • Kirsten advised various parties (including Dong, Eneco, Northland and Gemini) in respect of offshore and onshore wind projects, as well as solar projects (including SEGRO in respect of the construction of a solar project).
  • Kirsten advised several large European energy companies (including Uniper and Engie) in respect of various projects and contracting/regulatory matters regarding gas capacity, gas quality and LNG. 
  • Kirsten advised a confidential client in respect of several corporate PPA's with wind and solar parks.
  • Kirsten advised various sponsors in respect of the construction and operation of newly built gas-fired power plants, including EDF in respect of the Sloe power plant (870 MW, owned and operated by a joint venture between EDF and PZEM) and Eneco in respect of the Enecogen power plant (870 MW, owned and operated by a joint venture between Eneco and Dong).
  • Kirsten advised Air Liquide in numerous matters including construction projects (such as the Pergen cogeneration project on the Shell Pernis site in Rotterdam and the construction of a hydrogen plant in Rotterdam), numerous long-term supply agreements in respect of industrial gases and utilities, M&A transactions, joint ventures (e.g. in relation to cogeneration plants and CCS development) and pipeline matters.
  • Kirsten advised various parties in respect of their acquisition or divestment of off-shore gas field interests and/or offshore pipelines such as NGT. 
  • Kirsten advised various clients in respect of the acquisition of retail motorway stations, including NRGValue in respect of its acquisition of more than 100 ExxonMobil retail stations in the Netherlands.